Marijuana outdoors growing

There is nothing comparable to  marijuana outdoors growing. The feeling of the earth in your hands, the sun on your skin, and the singing of the birds is simply unsurpassed. Watching plants sway in the wind between associated crops fills any grower with pride.

 

The cultivation of marijuana outdoors also offers numerous advantages. The sun and the rain reduce considerably the expenses of irrigation and lighting, and by having more space, one can cultivate big sativas and have much more abundant harvests. If you want to grow weed outdoors, follow these steps to ensure a trouble-free growing season and a rewarding harvest at the end of the process.

STEP 1: CHOOSE THE RIGHT VARIETY

One of the most important decisions when growing marijuana is choosing the right variety. There are hundreds of different varieties, each with its own characteristics, both morphological and related to the effect. But before choosing a variety for its effect, you must confirm that it is suitable for the climate of your area. If you live in a region near the equator with long growing seasons, you are lucky enough to be able to grow almost any variety.

But if you live in a cold climate, you will have to choose a strain that flowers quickly enough to avoid the first frosts. The photoperiodic varieties indica dominant of fast bloom are a viable option, but the autoflowering ones provide faster harvests and do not depend on the change of seasonal light to start developing their flowers.

You should also take into account the size of the plant you want to grow. If you have a lot of space and you look for the maximum production, the ideal is a big size sativa. If on the contrary you prefer that your plantation is discreet and goes unnoticed, a leafy indica is the best option.

Once you have considered all the practical aspects, concentrate on the type of heads which you want to smoke. If you love to get high, opt for a variety rich in THC. Do you want a more lucid and smooth effect? Choose a variety rich in CBD or with both cannabinoids in similar quantities.

STEP 2: GERMINATE YOUR MARIJUANA SEEDS

After selecting the ideal variety, the seeds must be germinated. Many growers tend to anticipate the growing season by germinating the seeds indoors. By the time the last frosts pass, your seedlings will be on their way to becoming plants in a vegetative phase. In north-western Europe, you can usually take your plants outdoors around mid-May, but this will depend on the climate of each area.

There are several ways to germinate marijuana seeds. All methods have two things in common: darkness and humidity. As long as these parameters are provided, most seeds germinate without problems.

The paper method usually gives good results. It consists of placing the seeds between two sheets of wet paper and putting them in a dark place for several days. You can also choose to sow them directly in small pots with wet soil and wait for them to come to the surface. At Zamnesia we prefer to use the Smart Start. This kit comes with a germination tray and a package of Stimulator Mix with the essential microbes for the germination process. Overall, it provides the perfect environment to maximize the germination rate.

STEP 3: DECIDE WHERE YOU WILL GROW AND PREPARE THE SOIL IF NECESSARY

While the seeds germinate, spend your free time finding the most suitable area in the garden. You should grow your plants in a sunny place protected from rain and strong winds. Mold can spoil the buds. Make sure that your plants are in an area where they receive a little breeze, as the stale air favors the appearance of mold. Anywhere that faces south is ideal for maximizing sun exposure.

If you do not have the luxury of a garden, you can always grow your plants on a balcony or terrace following the same logic. If you prefer to conceal your plants, you can carry out a guerilla cultivation. This method consists of cultivating cannabis in the middle of the nature to avoid being discovered.

When you find the right spot, consider planting other plants that have grown when you move your cannabis outdoors. These beneficial species help hide the smell and presence of your crop, keep away pests and attract beneficial insects.

STEP 4: PREPARE THE SOIL WITH A FERTILIZER SUCH AS MONSTER BUD MIX

Now that you have the ideal place, it is time to prepare the food for your plants. Like humans, marijuana plants need a balanced diet. Their roots extract minerals from the soil to make proteins, perform photosynthesis and create flowers. If they do not get these minerals, your plants will develop deficiencies, grow very slowly and produce poor harvests.

A living and quality substrate helps your plants grow healthy and produce the best results. Soil contains more than just nutrients. Healthy, living soil contains all the beneficial fungi, bacteria and microorganisms your plants need to grow. You can make your own substrate from home compost.

If you have never done so and need a substrate urgently for the next season, we recommend buying composted soil and improving it with Monster Bud Mix. This organic and vegan mix contains all the nutrients the plants need from the seedling stage to the time of harvest. Just mix 150g for every 22 liters of substrate, and you’re done.

STEP 5: TRANSPLANT THE SEEDLINGS AND TAKE THEM OUT

After the last frost, your plants will be ready to face the elements. You can transplant the seedlings directly into the soil or into pots filled with the substrate you have prepared in step 4. Any pot will do, but geotextile pots offer numerous advantages, such as increased airflow and better hydration of the root system.

Thanks to their fast growth rate, auto-flowering seeds can be planted directly into the final pot. But photoperiodic varieties need time to adapt to their new home. Repot them gradually into larger pots as they grow, until they reach the right size container.

Make a hole in the center of the substrate. Put your hand on the top of the pot containing the seedling, and turn it over. Squeeze the sides of the pot until the block of soil and roots come out. Place the seedling in the hole and cover the roots with soil. Water the soil well to welcome your plant to its new home, but do not overdo it. Place the newly transplanted plants between the associated crops in the chosen location.

STEP 6: TAKE CARE OF YOUR PLANTS BY WATERING THEM WITH WATER AND FERTILIZER

Marijuana plants are not very demanding. Make sure you give them enough water and food, and they will practically take care of themselves. But it is important not to overdo these two aspects. Once you have saturated the soil, wait for the top layer to dry out before watering again. Too much water can prevent the roots from breathing, which will cause them to rot, and also make it difficult for them to absorb nutrients.

If you use a quality compost or Monster Bud Mix, your plants will have all the food they need. But if the growing medium is low in fertilizer, you will have to add it. Get a quality, eco-friendly fertilizer mix and follow the label instructions. Compared to photoperiodic varieties, auto-flowering plants prefer a lower amount of nutrients, generally a quarter to half of a normal dose.

STEP 7: PROTECT YOUR PLANTS FROM MOLD AND PESTS AND INSPECT THE LEAVES

The human being is not the only species that likes the cannabis. Some insects and larger creatures also feed on marijuana plants whenever they get the chance. But don’t worry, because this has an easy solution, you just have to implement the following steps.

Inspect your plants regularly (stem, bundle and bottom of leaves and buds) for pests. You can remove them by hand or introduce beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, to eliminate them from your growing space. Use these techniques to learn how to identify and prevent infections such as bud rot.

Nutrient deficiencies can also affect the crop. Fortunately, cannabis plants are very good at communicating their problems through their leaves. Use this guide to identify and treat specific deficiencies.

The deficiencies are not always produced by the absence of some element in the ground. Marijuana also needs a certain pH to absorb nutrients. If the pH is too high or too low, nutrient blockage can occur. It is recommended that a pH meter be used. Learn how to adjust the soil pH here. Although pH monitoring can be helpful, it is not a must, especially in your first crop.

STEP 8: IF YOU WANT, YOU CAN TRAIN YOUR PLANTS TO INCREASE THEIR PRODUCTION

Plant training is a great way to increase production. It is not strictly necessary, but it helps to keep the cannabis under control, provides bigger harvests and increases its exposure to the light. A method for beginners known as low stress training (LST) consists of carefully tying the main stem and branches, so that the cup is exposed to a greater amount of light, and also stimulates lateral growth. The LST results in numerous flowering points at the same height, instead of developing a single central tail surrounded by smaller flowers.

Main-lining is a more aggressive form of training. It increases the harvest by allowing the grower to control the shape his plants take. It consists in pruning the plant above the first knot to give place to two stems. The buds of these primary stems will grow to the same height and will have plenty of room to develop. With this method, between 8 and 32 independent flowering points can be generated.

BE PATIENT

Follow the steps above and get a successful and rewarding harvest outdoors. When you’re done, it’s just a matter of waiting. Don’t forget to do routine inspections and you’ll be able to harvest high quality buds very soon!